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PHAGWARA ANCIENT HISTORY

                  1635 :        BATTLE OF PHAGWARA                                     

              Battle of Phagwara between Mughals and Sikhs led by Guru Hargobind Ji.

Battle of Phagwara took place between the Mughals and Sikhs led by Guru Hargobind Ji. Because of the suddenness of the on slaught, the Sikhs coudln't arrange prompt defensive measures and a result suffered some loss of manpower.

   GURU HARGOBIND JI's BATTLE AT PHAGWARA: After the battle of Kartarpur, Guru Hargind promptly shifted to Kiratpur amdist the Punjab hills as a place remote from Lahore. Kiratpur was considered better from the point of view of safety. The Sikhs were attacked by a royal detachment, commanded by Ahmad Khan, son of Abdula Khan, when they were in vicinity of Phagwara. The onslaught was so sudden that the Sikhs could not arrange prompt defensive measures and suffered some loss of manpower. Those who figured in this battle on the side of the imperialists included Fateh Khan and Ahmad Khan, who were slain while fighting. Zafat Kahn, Jamal Khan and Fateh Khan were among those who fought against teh Sikhs to the last. Tradition holds that Tegh Bahadhur showed such great feats with sword that Guru Hargobind is said to have remarked that Tegh Mal seemed a more appropriate name than Tiag Mal.

 

Phagwara

Phagwara is the second main tehsil of Kapurthala District is separated from the main district. It is situated in the eastern direction of the city.

Phagwara was founded by Shah Jahan. There is a historical Gurudwara Chouda Khuh Sahib which is related to Guru Sri Hargobind Singh Ji. There is also Vishwakarma Temple, Mansa Devi Mandir & mosque built during Mughal Rule.

It is the main industrial hub of Kapurthala District. Due to its prime location on Sher-Shah-Suri Marg (G.T.Road) and near the main railway link of Amritsar-Delhi, Phagwara's industry developed faster than Kapurthala. It has main industrial units of Sugar, Cloth, Electrical accessories, Machine Tools, Agricultural Implements & Rubber. Phagwara has many Ramgarhia educational institutions. Because of a large number of Punjabis who have gone abroad from the area, Phagwara has become a great trading centre and market for cloth and ethnic clothes.

The Mela of Phalani is celebrated every year with joy in Phagwara.

Phagwara falls on the Delhi Jammu line and is connected by the large number of trains.

There is a vast network of bus services of Punjab, Himachal, Delhi , Haryana, Pepsu, Chandigarh, Rajasthan State Roadways, apart from private operators. Important destinations include Delhi, Shimla, Chandigarh, Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Amritsar etc

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